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美国移民局发布:向非法移民授予工作许可的政策指导
浏览次数:722    添加时间:2019/8/23    来源:USLawChina美国法律联营网

美国移民局在2019年8月20日发布一份政策指导,关于向非法入境者授予工作权的自由裁判权:向美国境内的外籍人士授予工作许可,包括那些被拒入境的非法移民。
 
由于紧急人道主义原因或重大公共利益,某些外籍人士可能非法入境美国。非法入境者不能因为他们入境美国而获得工作许可,而是必须确定资格并申请工作许可。移民局只会根据每个案件的事实和具体情况,考虑对非法入境者进行授予工作许可,因为移民局认为有理由行使自由裁量权。
 
“直接解决我们移民系统的漏洞是前进的唯一途径,”移民局代理局长Ken Cuccinelli说。“我们自由裁量权的负责任管理提高了我们为合法获得资格的人提供救济的能力。考虑到这一点,移民局正在其酌情权范围内采取行动,只在逐案考虑所有相关因素后才给予非法入境者工作许可。该决定是针对外籍人士非法进入美国南部边境的国家紧急情况,以及过去几年对移民局裁决做法的审查。”
 
移民局正在采取行动,在其自由裁量权范围内加强受影响的计划,例如豁免。通过这次更新,移民局正在向官员提供针对基于非法入境的工作许可指导,重点关注官员的自由裁量权和责任,只有在逐案认真考虑所有相关因素后才能授予工作许可。该政策更新使移民局酌情工作的指导方针与当前的移民执法优先事项保持一致。
 
移民局继续公平,有效地逐案裁定所有申请,以确定它们是否符合适用法律法规要求的所有标准。
 
此政策更新不会影响根据国际企业家规则进入美国的个人。根据现行国土安全部关于国际企业家方案的规定,这些受益人有权根据其停留许可授权工作。

美国法律联营网认为:由于川普一系列的反移民政策,造成美国目前各地缺少底层劳工,影响层面极大,这是美国行政机构对于中央政策执行后所造成国内民生伤害的一个弥补措施。

英文原文:

WASHINGTON—U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) today issued policy guidance in the USCIS Policy Manual to address its discretion to grant employment authorization to foreign nationals who are paroled into the United States, including those who are otherwise inadmissible.
 
Certain foreign nationals may be paroled into the United States for urgent humanitarian reasons or significant public benefit. Parolees are not entitled to employment authorization solely because they are paroled into the United States, but instead must establish eligibility and apply for employment authorization. USCIS will only consider employment authorization for parolees when, based on the facts and circumstances of each individual case, USCIS finds that a favorable exercise of discretion is warranted.
 
“Directly addressing loopholes that encourage the exploitation of our immigration system is the only way forward,” said Acting Director Ken Cuccinelli. “Responsible stewardship of our discretionary authorities enhances our ability to provide relief to those who lawfully qualify for it. With that in mind, USCIS is taking action within its discretionary authority by only granting employment authorization to parolees after consideration of all relevant factors on a case-by-case basis. This decision is in response to the national emergency at the southern border where foreign nationals are entering the United States illegally, as well as based on a review of USCIS adjudicatory practices over the past few years.”
 
USCIS is taking action to strengthen affected programs, such as parole, within its discretionary authority. Through this update, USCIS is providing adjudicators with guidance specific to parole-based employment authorization focusing on officers’ discretion and responsibility to grant employment authorization only after careful consideration of all relevant factors on a case-by-case basis. The policy update aligns USCIS’ guidelines for issuing discretionary employment authorization based on parole with current immigration enforcement priorities.
 
USCIS continues to adjudicate all petitions, applications, and requests fairly, efficiently, and effectively on a case-by-case basis to determine if they meet all standards required under applicable laws and regulations.
 
This policy update does not affect individuals paroled into the United States under the International Entrepreneur Rule. Such parolees are authorized to work based on their parole under current Department of Homeland Security regulations governing the International Entrepreneur parole program.


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